Main content area

Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Chars Obtained from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Corncob and Miscanthus

Calucci, Lucia, Rasse, Daniel P., Forte, Claudia
Energy & Fuels 2013 v.27 no.1 pp. 303-309
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Miscanthus, autoclaves, carbon, cellulose, chemical structure, corn cobs, hydrochars, hydrogen, hydrothermal carbonization, lignin, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, oxygen, powders, stable isotopes
Corncob and Miscanthus feedstocks were hydrothermally carbonized at 230 °C for 6 h in an autoclave under autogenous pressure, obtaining fine brown powders with higher carbon and lower hydrogen and oxygen contents than the starting materials. The chemical structure of feedstocks and hydrochars was investigated by ¹³C cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP-MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy complemented by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and elemental analysis. In particular, a procedure including CP dynamics analysis and spectral deconvolution was applied to obtain quantitative information on the composition of the analyzed materials from ¹³C CP-MAS spectra. Miscanthus feedstock contained larger amounts of lignin and crystalline cellulose, which concurred to reduce cellulose exposition to hot water during the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process. As a consequence, a lower furan/aromatic ratio was found for Miscanthus versus corncob hydrochars.