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Toxicity, Uptake, and Translocation of Engineered Nanomaterials in Vascular plants
- Miralles, Pola, Church, Tamara L., Harris, Andrew T.
- Environmental Science & Technology 2012 v.46 no.17 pp. 9224-9239
- bioavailability, exposure pathways, food chain, nanomaterials, phytotoxicity, vascular plants
- To exploit the promised benefits of engineered nanomaterials, it is necessary to improve our knowledge of their bioavailability and toxicity. The interactions between engineered nanomaterials and vascular plants are of particular concern, as plants closely interact with soil, water, and the atmosphere, and constitute one of the main routes of exposure for higher species, i.e. accumulation through the food chain. A review of the current literature shows contradictory evidence on the phytotoxicity of engineered nanomaterials. The mechanisms by which engineered nanomaterials penetrate plants are not well understood, and further research on their interactions with vascular plants is required to enable the field of phytotoxicology to keep pace with that of nanotechnology, the rapid evolution of which constantly produces new materials and applications that accelerate the environmental release of nanomaterials.