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Quantification of Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions on the Building/Street Scale for a Large U.S. City
- Gurney, Kevin R., Razlivanov, Igor, Song, Yang, Zhou, Yuyu, Benes, Bedrich, Abdul-Massih, Michel
- Environmental Science & Technology 2012 v.46 no.21 pp. 12194-12202
- air pollution, carbon, carbon dioxide, climate change, data collection, electricity, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, issues and policy, monitoring, natural gas, planning, simulation models, traffic, urban areas, Indiana
- In order to advance the scientific understanding of carbon exchange with the land surface, build an effective carbon monitoring system, and contribute to quantitatively based U.S. climate change policy interests, fine spatial and temporal quantification of fossil fuel CO₂ emissions, the primary greenhouse gas, is essential. Called the “Hestia Project”, this research effort is the first to use bottom-up methods to quantify all fossil fuel CO₂ emissions down to the scale of individual buildings, road segments, and industrial/electricity production facilities on an hourly basis for an entire urban landscape. Here, we describe the methods used to quantify the on-site fossil fuel CO₂ emissions across the city of Indianapolis, IN. This effort combines a series of data sets and simulation tools such as a building energy simulation model, traffic data, power production reporting, and local air pollution reporting. The system is general enough to be applied to any large U.S. city and holds tremendous potential as a key component of a carbon-monitoring system in addition to enabling efficient greenhouse gas mitigation and planning. We compare the natural gas component of our fossil fuel CO₂ emissions estimate to consumption data provided by the local gas utility. At the zip code level, we achieve a bias-adjusted Pearson r correlation value of 0.92 (p < 0.001).