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Acceptability of using standing orders to deliver human papillomavirus vaccines in the outpatient obstetrician/gynecologist setting

Dempsey, Amanda F., Pyrzanowski, Jennifer, Brewer, Sarah, Barnard, Juliana, Sevick, Carter, O’Leary, Sean T.
Vaccine 2015 v.33 no.15 pp. 1773-1779
adolescents, adults, attitudes and opinions, demographic statistics, humans, issues and policy, patients, surveys, vaccination, vaccines, women, Colorado
Standing orders, an effective method for increasing vaccination, are not widely used for HPV vaccine. This is especially so among obstetrician/gynecologists (Ob/Gyns) – the specialty many women use as their primary care provider. We sought to understand the acceptability of using standing orders for HPV vaccination among a sample of women attending outpatient Ob/Gyn clinics.From February to April 2014, an on-line survey was administered to a convenience sample of 400 women aged 15–26 recruited from 9 Ob/Gyn practices in Colorado. The survey identified attitudes about standing orders for HPV vaccination, demographics and prior experience with HPV vaccines.The response rate was 44%. Receipt of prior HPV vaccine doses was reported by 67% of respondents. Approximately half (53%) were comfortable with the idea of standing orders for HPV vaccination at Ob/Gyn clinics among women generally, but only 40% of the 154 women not initially opposed to HPV vaccination indicated they would personally feel comfortable receiving HPV vaccines offered under a standing order policy. General and personal acceptance of standing orders for HPV vaccination was significantly higher among women who reported receiving HPV vaccine doses previously, but not by any demographic or experiential variables. Acceptability of standing orders for HPV vaccines was higher for series completion than initiation (88% vs. 70%, p<0.001) and was more commonly supported for adult patients (79%) than for adolescents (43%). Acceptability of standing orders increased if the patient was first told that the provider ‘strongly recommended the vaccine’, even for a majority (52%) of those who generally were not comfortable receiving the vaccine using standing orders.Because standing orders for HPV vaccine are generally acceptable to women attending Ob/Gyn clinics, to increase vaccination uptake among adults Ob/Gyn providers may want to consider adoption of standing orders for HPV vaccine, at least for series completion.