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Poliovirus immunity in newly resettled adult refugees in Idaho, United States of America

Roscoe, Clay, Gilles, Ryan, Reed, Alex J., Messerschmidt, Matt, Kinney, Rebecca
Vaccine 2015 v.33 no.26 pp. 2968-2970
Enterovirus C, adults, cross-sectional studies, immunity, immunization, refugees, screening, serotypes, surveys, vaccines, Idaho
In the United States, vaccines have eliminated wild poliovirus (WPV) infection, though resettling refugees may lack immunity and importation of WPV remains a concern.A cross-sectional survey was performed to determine the prevalence of poliovirus immunity in adult refugees resettling in Boise, Idaho, U.S.A.; immunity was evaluated using two definitions: serotypes 1, 2 and 3 positive, or serotypes 1 and 3 positive.This survey evaluated 795 adult refugees between August 2010 and November 2012. Poliovirus immunity in adults >18 years was 55.3% for serotypes 1, 2 and 3 combined, and 60% for serotypes 1 and 3 only.This study demonstrated a WPV immunity rate of <60% in a recently resettled adult refugee population in the United States, reinforcing the need to ensure poliovirus immunity in all newly arrived adult refugees, either by expanding pre-departure immunization or by screening for immunity at resettlement and vaccinating when indicated.