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Safety and immunogenicity of a 9-valent HPV vaccine in females 12–26 years of age who previously received the quadrivalent HPV vaccine

Garland, Suzanne M., Cheung, Tak-Hong, McNeill, Shelly, Petersen, Lone Kjeld, Romaguera, Josefina, Vazquez-Narvaez, Jorge, Bautista, Oliver, Shields, Christine, Vuocolo, Scott, Luxembourg, Alain
Vaccine 2015 v.33 no.48 pp. 6855-6864
adolescents, blood serum, females, geometry, girls, immune response, immunoassays, injection site, placebos, seroprevalence, vaccination, vaccines, women
To assess the safety and immunogenicity of the investigational 9-valent (6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) HPV (9vHPV) vaccine in prior recipients of a 3-dose regimen of quadrivalent (6/11/16/18) HPV (qHPV) vaccine.V503-006 was a randomized, double-blinded, safety/tolerability and immunogenicity study of the 9vHPV vaccine in females 12–26 years of age who were previously vaccinated with qHPV vaccine. Subjects were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive 3 doses of 9vHPV vaccine (n=618) or saline placebo (n=306) at day 1, month 2, and month 6. Systemic, injection-site and serious adverse experiences (AEs) were monitored. Serum samples were collected at day 1, month 2, and month 7. Anti-HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 titers were measured using the 9-valent HPV competitive Luminex Immunoassay (cLIA).The frequency of injection-site AEs (days 1–5 following any vaccination) was higher in the 9vHPV vaccine group than in the placebo group (91.1% and 43.9%, respectively). The frequencies of vaccine-related systemic AEs (days 1–15 following any vaccination) were generally comparable between the 2 groups (30.6% in the 9vHPV vaccine group, and 25.9% in the placebo group). One vaccine-related serious AE was reported in each of the 9vHPV vaccine and placebo groups. Few subjects (9vHPV=0.5%; placebo=0%) discontinued due to an AE. At 4 weeks post-dose 3, over 98% of subjects in the 9vHPV vaccine group were seropositive for HPV types 31/33/45/52/58, with marked elevations in cLIA geometric mean titers (GMTs) to these HPV types. Anti-HPV 31/33/45/52/58 GMTs were lower than in subjects administered 9vHPV vaccine who had not previously received qHPV vaccine (based on cross-study analyses); the clinical significance of this difference is unknown.Administration of a 3-dose regimen of 9vHPV vaccine to adolescent girls and young women 12–26 years of age who are prior qHPV vaccine recipients is highly immunogenic with respect to HPV types 31/33/45/52/58 and generally well tolerated.