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A novel parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) identified from goat herds with respiratory diseases in eastern China
- Li, Wenliang, Mao, Li, Cheng, Suping, Wang, Qiusheng, Huang, Jiachun, Deng, Jiawu, Wang, Zhongyu, Zhang, Wenwen, Yang, Leilei, Hao, Fei, Ding, Yonglong, Sun, Yinhua, Wei, Jianzhong, Jiang, Ping, Jiang, Jieyuan
- Veterinary microbiology 2014 v.174 no.1-2 pp. 100-106
- amino acid sequences, antibodies, blood serum, genes, genotype, goats, hemagglutination tests, herds, humans, nose, nucleotide sequences, pathogens, phylogeny, respiratory tract diseases, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, sequence alignment, viral shedding, viremia, viruses, China
- Parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) is one of the most important viral respiratory pathogens for humans and for many animals, but goat infection has been rarely reported. Starting in Aug 2013, goats in the Jiangsu and Anhui provinces of eastern China suffered severe respiratory diseases. In order to identify the causative agent, numerous related pathogens were tested with RT-PCR or PCR. A unique PIV3 strain was detected in most of the clinical nasal swabs or serum samples. The virus was isolated on MDBK cells and characterized by RT-PCR, nucleotide sequence analysis and hemagglutination test. The entire M and F gene coding regions, HN, 5′-UTR-N and L gene fragments were amplified using pairs of degenerate primers. Nucleotide, amino acid sequence alignments and phylogenetic analyses based on these genes indicated that the goat-derived PIV3 strain was distinct from previously reported BPIV3 genotypes and HPIV3 strains. The novel isolate, named JS2013, might be a potentially new member of the respirovirus genus. Goats were experimentally infected with JS2013 culture. The virus-inoculated goats displayed coughing and nasal discharges that were related to respiratory diseases. Viremia and virus shedding were detected during 4–10 days post-inoculation (dpi). Virus-specific HI antibodies became positive from 14dpi. This is the first report of the detection of PIV3 from Chinese goat herds and genetic and pathogenetic characterization of the novel goat-derived PIV3.