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Characteristics of Back Corona Discharge in a Honeycomb Catalyst and Its Application for Treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds

Author:
Feng, Fada, Zheng, Yanyan, Shen, Xinjun, Zheng, Qinzhen, Dai, Shaolong, Zhang, Xuming, Huang, Yifan, Liu, Zhen, Yan, Keping
Source:
Environmental Science & Technology 2015 v.49 no.11 pp. 6831-6837
ISSN:
1520-5851
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, aerosols, atmospheric pressure, byproducts, catalysts, catalytic activity, combs (social insects), industrial applications, ozone, specific energy, toluene, volatile organic compounds
Abstract:
The main technical challenges for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with plasma-assisted catalysis in industrial applications are large volume plasma generation under atmospheric pressure, byproduct control, and aerosol collection. To solve these problems, a back corona discharge (BCD) configuration has been designed to evenly generate nonthermal plasma in a honeycomb catalyst. Voltage–current curves, discharge images, and emission spectra have been used to characterize the plasma. Grade particle collection results and flow field visualization in the discharge zones show not only that the particles can be collected efficiently, but also that the pressure drop of the catalyst layer is relatively low. A three-stage plasma-assisted catalysis system, comprising a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) stage, BCD stage, and catalyst stage, was built to evaluate toluene treatment performance by BCD. The ozone analysis results indicate that BCD enhances the ozone decomposition by collecting aerosols and protecting the Ag–Mn–O catalyst downstream from aerosol contamination. The GC and FTIR results show that BCD contributes to toluene removal, especially when the specific energy input is low, and the total removal efficiency reaches almost 100%. Furthermore, this removal results in the emission of fewer byproducts.
Agid:
5358196