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Changes in antioxidant defense system in gills of Capoeta umbla caught from Uzuncayir Dam Lake, Turkey

Danabas, Durali, Yildirim, Nuran Cikcikoglu, Yildirim, Numan, Onal, Ayten Oztufekci, Uslu, Gulsad, Unlu, Erhan, Danabas, Seval, Ergin, Cemil, Tayhan, Nilgun
Biochemical systematics and ecology 2015 v.63 pp. 72-79
Capoeta umbla, antioxidant activity, biomarkers, catalase, environmental factors, fish, gills, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, lakes, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde, monitoring, oxidative stress, seasonal variation, stress response, superoxide dismutase, xenobiotics, Turkey (country)
The aim of this work was to determine the seasonal changes in the activities of selected biomarkers in Capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) caught from Uzuncayir Dam Lake (Tunceli, Turkey) and to evaluate the effects of environmental factors on these activities. Fish were sampled on seasonal basis, and superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase activities and levels of glutathione and malondialdehyde in gills were determined. Significant variations of oxidative stress biomarkers were observed between seasons and sites. The results of this study show that seasonal variations of oxidative stress responses and lipid peroxidation in gills of C. umbla are sensitive to the contaminants present in water of Uzuncayir Dam Lake and selected parameters are in valuable biomarkers for monitoring of water systems, since they give an early warning signal of effects of xenobiotics on aquatic organisms at molecular levels which help to prevent their effects at organismal level.