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Effects of primary air temperature on emissions of a gas turbine fired by liquefied spruce wood

Seljak, Tine, Oprešnik, Samuel Rodman, Kunaver, Matjaž, Katrašnik, Tomaž
Biomass and bioenergy 2014 v.71 pp. 394-407
air, air temperature, alcohols, biofuels, combustion, diesel fuel, gas emissions, lignocellulose, nitrogen oxides, polymerization, turbine engines, wood
Innovative lignocellulosic biofuel, obtained through solvolysis of spruce wood in multifunctional alcohols was tested in an experimental turbine engine with different primary air temperatures. Variation of primary air temperature was used to emulate two types of microgas turbine generators – fully recuperated and simple cycle setups resulting in different temperatures of combustion chamber intake air. Results indicate that different temperatures, velocities, and flow conditions in primary zone of combustion chamber strongly influence on droplet penetration depth and rate of mixture formation as well as emissions formation. For the innovative lignocellulosic biofuel emission trends of CO and THC were found to be significantly higher in simple cycle mode, whereas no influence of operation mode was observed for baseline diesel fuel. NOx emissions of innovative biofuel generally increased in regenerative cycle mode and also became sensitive on turbine inlet temperature, with similar trends being observed with diesel fuel. In the case of innovative fuel, deposits of char and polymerized fuel were observed on the combustor walls after operation in simple cycle mode, whereas in regenerative cycle mode, only small amounts of ash deposits were found on hot path surfaces, indicating beneficial influence of high primary air temperatures on combustion efficiency of innovative fuel.