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Alkali-stable cellulase from a halophilic isolate, Gracilibacillus sp. SK1 and its application in lignocellulosic saccharification for ethanol production
- Yu, Hui-Ying, Li, Xin
- Biomass and bioenergy 2015 v.81 pp. 19-25
- Gracilibacillus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, beta-glucosidase, corn stover, culture media, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, ethanol, ethanol production, hydrolysates, hydrophobicity, lakes, lignocellulose, nucleotide sequences, pH, reducing sugars, ribosomal RNA, rice straw, saccharification, salinity, sequence analysis, sodium chloride, solvents, substrate specificity, temperature, thermal stability
- A halophilic strain SK1 showing cellulolytic activity was isolated from Yuncheng Salt Lake, and was identified as the genus of Gracilibacillus by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Cellulase production was strongly influenced by the salinity of culture medium with maximal level in the presence of 10% NaCl. Substrate specificity test indicated the crude cellulase was a multi-component enzyme system, showing a combined activity of endoglucanase, exoglucanase and β-glucosidase. Zymogram analysis indicated six different endoglucanases were secreted by this strain. The crude enzyme was highly active and stable over broad ranges of temperature (40–70 °C), pH (6.0–10.0) and NaCl concentration (7.5–17.5%), with an optimum at 60 °C, pH 8.0 and 12.5% NaCl, which showed excellent thermostable, alkali-stable and halostable properties. Moreover, it displayed high stability in the presence of hydrophobic organic solvents. Saccharification of corn stover and rice straw by the cellulase resulted in respective yields of 0.678 and 0.502 g g−1 dry substrate of reducing sugars. The enzymatic hydrolysates of corn stover were then used as the substrate for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The yield of ethanol was 0.186 g g−1 dry substrate, and the efficiency of reducing sugars conversion to ethanol was about 52.8%, which suggested the prospects of the crude enzyme from Gracilibacillus sp. SK1 in application for bio-ethanol production.