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Pretreatment of energy crops with sodium hydroxide and cellulolytic enzymes to increase biogas production

Michalska, Karina, Bizukojć, Marcin, Ledakowicz, Stanisław
Biomass and bioenergy 2015 v.80 pp. 213-221
Miscanthus giganteus, Sida hermaphrodita, alkali treatment, anaerobic digestion, biogas, biomass, delignification, energy crops, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzymes, fermentation, glucose, hemicellulose, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, methane production, sodium hydroxide
This work presents the influence of alkali pretreatment on the enzymatic hydrolysis and efficiency of anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass pretreated both in a one- (chemical or enzymatic) and two-step (chemical and enzymatic) process. In this study two species of energy crops were used Miscanthus giganteus and Sida hermaphrodita. The aim of this work was to compare biogas production and methane yield during fermentation of pretreated and untreated energy crops. The results show that alkali pretreatment is necessary for the effective biogas generation from plant material due to high delignification level and significant hemicellulose degradation. The two-step hydrolysis process consisting on the alkali and enzymatic step leads to the release of high concentrations of glucose (about 20 g L−1). The best results were achieved for M. giganteus with biogas production yield of 421.5 Ndm3 kg TS−1 and with methane production yield of 257 Ndm3 kg TS−1.