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Lignin-based polyoxyethylene ether enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocelluloses by dispersing cellulase aggregates

Lin, Xuliang, Qiu, Xueqing, Yuan, Long, Li, Zihao, Lou, Hongming, Zhou, Mingsong, Yang, Dongjie
Bioresource technology 2015 v.185 pp. 165-170
acetates, adsorption, cellulose, corn stover, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, enzymatic hydrolysis, glucose, light scattering, lignin, lignocellulose, monitoring, polyethylene glycol, quartz
Water-soluble lignin-based polyoxyethylene ether (EHL–PEG), prepared from enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (EHL) and polyethylene glycol (PEG1000), was used to improve enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency of corn stover. The glucose yield of corn stover at 72h was increased from 16.7% to 70.1% by EHL–PEG, while increase in yield with PEG4600 alone was 52.3%. With the increase of lignin content, EHL–PEG improved enzymatic hydrolysis of microcrystalline cellulose more obvious than PEG4600. EHL–PEG could reduce at least 88% of the adsorption of cellulase on the lignin film measured by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D), while reduction with PEG4600 was 43%. Cellulase aggregated at 1220nm in acetate buffer analyzed by dynamic light scattering. EHL–PEG dispersed cellulase aggregates and formed smaller aggregates with cellulase, thereby, reduced significantly nonproductive adsorption of cellulase on lignin and enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocelluloses.