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Enhanced anti-oxidative activity and lignocellulosic ethanol production by biotin addition to medium in Pichia guilliermondii fermentation

Qi, Kai, Xia, Xiao-Xia, Zhong, Jian-Jiang
Bioresource technology 2015 v.189 pp. 36-43
Meyerozyma guilliermondii, antioxidant activity, batch fermentation, bioethanol, bioprocessing, biotin, catalase, cell viability, commercialization, corn cobs, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol production, hydrolysates, industrial applications, lignocellulose, porphyrins, reactive oxygen species
Commercialization of lignocellulosic ethanol fermentation requires its high titer, but the reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation during the bioprocess damaged the cells and compromised this goal. To improve the cellular anti-oxidative activity during non-detoxified corncob residue hydrolysate fermentation, seed cells were prepared to possess a higher level of intracellular biotin pool (IBP), which facilitated the biosyntheses of catalase and porphyrin. As a result, the catalase activity increased by 1.3-folds compared to control while the ROS level reduced by 50%. Cell viability in high-IBP cells was 1.7-folds of control and the final ethanol titer increased from 31.2 to 41.8gL−1 in batch fermentation. The high-IBP cells were further used for repeated-batch fermentation in the non-detoxified lignocellulosic hydrolysate, and the highest titer and average productivity of ethanol reached 63.7gL−1 and 1.2gL−1h−1. The results were favorable to future industrial application of this lignocellulosic bioethanol process.