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Coproduction of xylose, lignosulfonate and ethanol from wheat straw

Zhu, Shengdong, Huang, Wangxiang, Huang, Wenjing, Wang, Ke, Chen, Qiming, Wu, Yuanxin
Bioresource technology 2015 v.185 pp. 234-239
biorefining, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol, fermentation, hydrolysates, lignin, lignosulfonates, sulfuric acid, wheat straw, xylose
A novel integrated process to coproduce xylose, lignosulfonate and ethanol from wheat straw was investigated. Firstly, wheat straw was treated by dilute sulfuric acid and xylose was recovered from its hydrolyzate. Its optimal conditions were 1.0wt% sulfuric acid, 10% (w/v) wheat straw loading, 100°C, and 2h. Then the acid treated wheat straw was treated by sulfomethylation reagent and its hydrolyzate containing lignosulfonate was directly recovered. Its optimal conditions were 150°C, 15% (w/v) acid treated wheat straw loading, and 5h. Finally, the two-step treated wheat straw was converted to ethanol through enzymatic hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Under optimal conditions, 1kg wheat straw could produce 0.225kg xylose with 95% purity, 4.16kg hydrolyzate of sulfomethylation treatment containing 5.5% lignosulfonate, 0.183kg ethanol and 0.05kg lignin residue. Compared to present technology, this process is a potential economically profitable wheat straw biorefinery.