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A lab-scale anoxic/oxic-bioelectrochemical reactor for leachate treatments

Author:
Zhang, Guodong, Jiao, Yan, Lee, Duu-Jong
Source:
Bioresource technology 2015 v.186 pp. 97-105
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
Aeromonas, Dehalobacter, Desulfovibrio, Enterococcus, Flavobacterium, Geobacter, Pelospora, Pseudomonas, Rhodobacter, Thauera, Verrucomicrobiaceae, chemical oxygen demand, electrodes, landfill leachates, nitrogen
Abstract:
A membraneless, liter-scale bioelectrochemical reactor with both bioanode and biocathode was established for landfill leachate treatment. Anoxic/oxic (A/O) zones at anode compartment and cathode compartment, respectively, were connected with a reflux to facilitate nitrogen removal. With raw landfill leachate of 17,500–22,600mgL−1 chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 1170–1490mgL−1 NH4+–N, the tested reactor removed 89.1±1.6% of chemical oxygen demand and 99.2±0.1% of NH4+–N at 3.0kgCODm−3d−1. The corresponding maximum power density was 2.71±0.09Wm−3, with internal resistance of 46.7±1.6Ω and open circuit voltage of 727±7mV. The species of Pseudomonas, Desulfovibrio, Bacillus, Enterococcus, Pelospora, Dehalobacter dominated the anodic community, while those of methylotrophs, Rhodobacter, Verrucomicrobiaceae, Geobacter, Flavobacterium, Thauera, Desulfovibrio and Aeromonas dominated the cathodic community. The proposed A/O bioelectrochemical reactor is a prototype for practical treatment of landfill leachate at affordable costs.
Agid:
5365981