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Biogas production from brewery spent grain enhanced by bioaugmentation with hydrolytic anaerobic bacteria

Čater, Maša, Fanedl, Lijana, Malovrh, Špela, Marinšek Logar, Romana
Bioresource technology 2015 v.186 pp. 261-269
Clostridium cellulovorans, Fibrobacter succinogenes, Pseudobutyrivibrio, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, anaerobes, bacteria, bioaugmentation, biogas, coculture, community structure, lignocellulose, methane, methane production, microbial biomass, microbial communities, mixed culture, spent grains, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, wastewater
Lignocellulosic substrates are widely available but not easily applied in biogas production due to their poor anaerobic degradation. The effect of bioaugmentation by anaerobic hydrolytic bacteria on biogas production was determined by the biochemical methane potential assay. Microbial biomass from full scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating brewery wastewater was a source of active microorganisms and brewery spent grain a model lignocellulosic substrate. Ruminococcus flavefaciens 007C, Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans Mz5T, Fibrobacter succinogenes S85 and Clostridium cellulovorans as pure and mixed cultures were used to enhance the lignocellulose degradation and elevate the biogas production. P. xylanivorans Mz5T was the most successful in elevating methane production (+17.8%), followed by the coculture of P. xylanivorans Mz5T and F. succinogenes S85 (+6.9%) and the coculture of C. cellulovorans and F. succinogenes S85 (+4.9%). Changes in microbial community structure were detected by fingerprinting techniques.