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The chemical properties and microbial community characterization of the thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment process

Fu, Shan-Fei, He, Shuai, Shi, Xiao-Shuang, Katukuri, Naveen Reddy, Dai, Meng, Guo, Rong-Bo
Bioresource technology 2015 v.198 pp. 497-502
Firmicutes, anaerobic digestion, corn straw, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, hydrolysis, microbial communities, physicochemical properties, reducing sugars
Thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) was recently reported as an efficient pretreatment method of anaerobic digestion (AD). In this study, the chemical properties and microbial community were characterized to reveal how TMP working. Compared with thermophilic treatment under anaerobic condition (TMP0), cellulase activity obviously improved under microaerobic condition (TMP1), which was 10.9–49.0% higher than that of TMP0. Reducing sugar, SCOD and VFAs concentrations of TMP1 were 2.6–8.9%, 1.8–4.8% and 13.8–24% higher than those of TMP0, respectively. TMP gave obvious rise to phylum Firmicutes, which associated with extracellular enzymes production. The proportion of class Bacilli (belongs to phylum Firmicutes and mainly acts during hydrolysis) in TMP1 was 124.89% higher than that of TMP0, which reflected the greater hydrolytic ability under microaerobic condition. The improved abundance of phylum Firmicutes (especially class Bacilli, order Bacillales) under microaerobic condition could be the fundamental reason for the improved AD performance of thermophilic microaerobic pretreated corn straw.