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Decay resistance of softwoods and hardwoods thermally modified by the Thermovouto type thermo-vacuum process to brown rot and white rot fungi

Gao, Jie, Kim, Jong Sik, Terziev, Nasko, Daniel, Geoffrey
Holzforschung 2016 v.70 no.9 pp. 877-884
Fagus, Gloeophyllum trabeum, Phlebia, Picea, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Rhodonia placenta, decay resistance, durability, hardwood, softwood, temperature, white-rot fungi
Softwoods (SW, spruce and fir) and hardwoods (HW, ash and beech) were thermally modified by the thermo-vacuum (Termovuoto) process for 3–4 h in the temperature range 160–220°C (TMW₁₆₀–₂₂₀°C) and their fungal durability were examined in soil-block tests with two brown rot (BR, Postia placenta, Gloeophyllum trabeum) and two white rot (WR, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Phlebia radiata) fungi. SW-TMW₁₆₀–₂₂₀°C were exposed to P. placenta and P. sanguineus and HW-TMW₁₉₀–₂₂₀°C to all fungal species. Considerable improvement (durability class 1–3) in decay resistance was only achieved for SW- and HW-TMW₂₂₀°C. Thermal modification (TM) below 200°C influenced decay resistance negatively in case of some fungal species applied for both SW and HW. Judged by the durability class, decay resistance was higher in HW- than in SW-TMW at high TM temperature. Behavior of TM differed significantly between ash (ring-porous HW) and beech (diffuse-porous HW). A comparison between results of soil- and agar-block tests on Termovouoto wood demonstrated that the influence of testing method in terms of assignment to durability classes is not significant.