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Monitoring Blanching Induced Debittering and Storage Losses of Naringin in Orange Subjected to Osmotic Dehydration

A. Jagannath, Manoranjan Kumar
International journal of fruit science 2016 v.16 no.4 pp. 410-422
Citrus deliciosa, Citrus nobilis, Citrus reticulata, ambient temperature, blanching, chromatography, cultivars, health promotion, mandarins, monitoring, naringin, oranges, osmotic treatment, physicochemical properties, sensory evaluation, shelf life, storage time
Naringin, a bitter bioflavonoid of orange, widely reported for health promoting benefits is also responsible for reduced acceptability of many orange products where peels are integral components. The current study quantified naringin concentrations present in three types of oranges viz., Nagpur (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Kinnow (Citrus nobilis × Citrus deliciosa), and Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) spectrophotometrically and by high performance liquid chromatograph. The oranges were subjected to repeated blanching at a mild blanching temperature of 65 °C, subjected to osmodehydration and the loss of naringin monitored during processing as well as during extended storage of up to 6 months at room temperature. A wide range of physicochemical parameters were monitored at monthly intervals during the entire period of storage. Blanching reduced the naringin content by 50% and storage further decreased it to 3–10 mg/100g for all of the cultivars studied. In terms of physicochemical parameters and sensory analysis, Kinnow and Mandarin cultivars are better suited for osmotic dehydration.