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Temperature-dependent age-specific demography of grapevine moth (Lobesia botrana) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): jackknife vs. bootstrap techniques
- Moshtaghi Maleki, Farzaneh, Iranipour, Shahzad, Hejazi, Mir Jalil, Saber, Moosa
- Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 2016 v.49 no.11-12 pp. 263-280
- Lobesia botrana, Vitis, cold storage, demography, females, grapes, immatures, insect infestations, juveniles, life tables, moths, pests, photoperiod, population growth, progeny, rearing, summer, temperature, uncertainty, vineyards, viticulture, Iran
- Grapevine moth , Lobesia botrana (Lep. Tortricidae) is a key pest of grape in Iran and other vineyards of the world. In this study, eight constant rearing temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 32 and 35 ± 1 °C) along with 60 ± 10% RH and a 16:8 (L:D) h photoperiod were chosen for demographic studies of the grapevine moth. Immature stages were unable to develop when reared at 5 and 35 °C, and the progeny moths were unable to successfully mate at 10, 15 and 32 °C. The overall developmental time of juveniles decreased at 30 °C (from 320.7 ± 3.4 d at 10 °C to 34.2 ± 0.2 d) followed by an increase to 42.5 ± 0.6 d at 32 °C. Based on values of the stable population growth parameters, the temperature of 25 °C was found to be optimal for propagation of grapevine moth. The highest values of the intrinsic rate of increase, gross and net reproductive rates were 0.0719 d ⁻¹, 55.5 and 23 females per generation, respectively, at 25 °C. Since jackknife and bootstrap estimates of mean and standard error were mainly similar, both methods may equally be used for uncertainty estimates. Our data suggest that cold storage of grapes will help to control grapevine moth infestations and damage. In many grape growing regions of Iran, the first generation is expected to cause damage. It is expected since our reproductive life table analysis suggests that the hot summer temperatures may restrict pest development during subsequent generations.