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Screening of the culture media with different concentrations of nutrients for cultivation of the microalgae associated with the invertebrates of the White Sea

Lobakova, E. S., Selyakh, I. O., Semenova, L. R., Chivkunova, O. B., Shcherbakov, P. N., Solovchenko, A. E.
Moscow University biological sciences bulletin 2016 v.71 no.2 pp. 102-107
Scenedesmaceae, alkalinization, benthic organisms, biomass production, culture media, invertebrates, microalgae, nitrates, nutrients, pH, phosphates, screening, seawater
The growth and biomass accumulation of three microalgal strains of Desmodesmus (Scenedesmaceae, Chlorophyceae), 1Рm66В, 2Cl66E, and 3Dp86Е-1, isolated from the White Sea benthic invertebrates were studied under conditions of batch culture in different standard media (BG-11, Prat, Goldberg, Gromov, Tamiya, artificial seawater) and modified media. The culture condition, biomass accumulation, and uptake of nitrate and phosphate were recorded. A significant alkalization of the culture medium up to pH 10 has been observed during a vigorous growth of the microalgae. The most significant biomass accumulation has been recorded in BG-11 (in complete or modified medium with addition of artificial seawater), Tamiya, and Prat media. Addition of seawater did not affect the growth of Desmodesmus sp. in the nitrate-containing media, although that maintained growth of the microalgae in the nitrogen-lacking media without cell aggregation. The BG-11 medium appears suitable for isolation and cultivation of both symbiotic and free-living microalgae by all the tested features. The Prat medium is the best for maintaining the microalgal strains in living collection.