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Mapping stakeholder viewpoints in biodiversity management: an application in Niger using Q methodology

Hamadou, Issa, Moula, Nassim, Siddo, Seyni, Issa, Moumouni, Marichatou, Hamani, Leroy, Pascal, Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas
Biodiversity and conservation 2016 v.25 no.10 pp. 1973-1986
animal husbandry, biodiversity, computer software, economic development, farmed animal species, stakeholders, Niger
The purpose of this paper is to examine the viewpoints of stakeholders in the management and conservation of farm animal biodiversity in Niger. The research applies Q methodology in order to reveal consensual and divergent discourses. After the development of the set of items on the topic of biodiversity (Q sample), the statements were sorted by the respondents through a 7-grade scale, from −3 to +3. The analysis of Q-sort data with the qmethod package under the R software highlighted three distinct stakeholder viewpoints on the importance of biodiversity in agriculture and animal husbandry, the balance between progress and preservation and the effectiveness of different methods of conservation. The study shows an apparent consensus on the importance of biodiversity that is obviously a promoted topic in the country. Behind the consensus, different discourses are defined that all appear divided by the same dilemma between conservation and economic development. Understanding the different answers and weight attributed to each of the components of the dilemma will guide awareness-raising campaigns and help to pinpoint divergent interests among stakeholders.