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The structure of genotypic diversity and the possibility of sexual reproduction in populations of Tulipa riparia (Liliaceae)

Kutlunina, N. A., Belyaev, A. Yu., Knyazev, M. S.
Russian journal of ecology 2016 v.47 no.4 pp. 412-418
Tulipa, bulbs, clones, floodplains, genetic variation, heterozygosity, reproductive system, rivers, sexual reproduction, triploidy
The structure of genotypic diversity in eight populations of the clonal triploid (2n = 3x = 36) tulip Tulipa riparia inhabiting floodplain communities in the Southern Urals was studied. Analysis of nine polymorphic enzyme systems (ADH, IDH, SkDH, PGI, PGM, FDH, NADHdh, C-EST, GOT) was performed to identify clones. Both monoclonal (D = 0) and polyclonal populations with multiple genotypes from 3 to 12 (D from 0.73 to 0.91) were identified. The polyclonal populations had a high level of heterozygosity. Dispersal of propagules (bulbs) along rivers and even from one bank of a river to the opposite was detected. Some clones disperse along riverbanks to the distance of hundreds meters (up to four kilometres). At the same time, there is an effect of “isolated” or “closed” populations. Almost each sequentially arranged population in one river system have its own set of genotypes. Assessment of the state of the reproductive system components indicates presence of a rare sexual reproduction supporting genetic diversity of T. riparia.