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Nanocrystalline cellulose for removal of tetracycline hydrochloride from water via biosorption: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

Rathod, Manali, Haldar, Soumya, Basha, Shaik
Ecological engineering 2015 v.84 pp. 240-249
Ulva lactuca, aqueous solutions, biosorption, cellulose, desorption, kinetics, macroalgae, models, nanocrystals, nitric acid, pH, temperature, tetracycline, thermodynamics
Crystalline nanocellulose, synthesized from green seaweed, Ulva lactuca, was investigated for the sorption of tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) from aqueous solutions. The effects of pH, contact time, concentration of TC and desorption were studied in batch mode. The kinetics of TC biosorption was very fast and reached equilibrium in almost 2h. The kinetic data was well described by double exponential and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Film diffusion is the rate-limiting step for the biosorption of TC on to crystalline nanocellulose. Both Redlich–Peterson (R–P) and Polanyi–Manes (P–M) isotherm models described the equilibrium data well. The values of maximum sorption capacities (6.48–7.73mg/g for R–P and 6.57–7.96mg/g for P–M models) increased with temperature. A thermodynamic study (ΔH°=22.64kJ/mol, ΔS°=9.85kJ/(mol/K)) demonstrated that biosorption of TC is spontaneous, endothermic and an entropy-driven process. The reusability of sorbent was achieved by HNO3 (5w/w%) with desorption efficiency of 95.20% in 4h. The overall results have significant implications for the removal of TC from aqueous solution with crystalline nanocellulose.