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Delinking indicators on regional industry development and carbon emissions: Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei economic band case

Wang, Zhaohua, Yang, Lin
Ecological indicators 2015 v.48 pp. 41-48
carbon, economic development, emissions, energy, industry, models, quantitative analysis
Based on the two-level Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method and Tapio index, this paper constructed an expanded decomposition model for decoupling elasticity and effort index of industrial carbon emissions, and further quantitatively analyzed the delinking indicators on industry growth and environmental pressures in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) economic band from 1996 to 2010. The results indicate that: (1) together with the rapid economic growth, industrial energy-related carbon emissions in BTH region rose from 44477.43×104t in 1996 to 105602.33×104t in 2006 and then declined to 64426.71×104t in 2010, with an average annual growth rate of 2.94%. Our results also show that carbon emissions in BTH region were dominated by the secondary industry, which accounted for about 80% of total carbon emissions. (2) “Weak decoupling” was the main characteristic during the 9th Five-Year Plan period (1996–2000) and 11th Five-Year Plan period (2006–2010), particularly “strong decoupling” in 2007; while “weak coupling” was the main characteristic during the 10th Five-Year Plan period (2001–2005). (3) The rapid economic growth was the main factor responsible for industrial decoupling blocking. The energy structure and energy intensity made significant contributions to the industrial decoupling progress. The industrial structure effect had varied considerably over the years without showing a clear trend.