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Equation of State Modeling of the Solubility of CO2/C2H6 Mixtures in Cross-Linked Poly(ethylene oxide)

Author:
Minelli, Matteo, De Angelis, M. Grazia, Giacinti Baschetti, Marco, Doghieri, Ferruccio, Sarti, Giulio C., Ribeiro, Claudio P., Freeman, Benny D.
Source:
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2015 v.54 no.3 pp. 1142-1152
ISSN:
1520-5045
Subject:
carbon dioxide, crosslinking, engineering, equations, ethane, models, polyethylene glycol, solubility, sorption, temperature
Abstract:
The solubility of gaseous mixtures of CO₂ and C₂H₆ in cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide) (XLPEO) has been modeled over a wide range of temperatures, pressures, and compositions with the Sanchez–Lacombe lattice fluid equation of state (LF EoS). The model binary gas–polymer parameters have been determined from pure gas solubility data and kept constant with temperature and composition. Multicomponent solubility is then calculated with no additional adjustable parameters, using a fully predictive procedure. The LF EoS model describes well the mixed gas solubility behavior data over wide ranges of temperature (from −20 to 35 °C), pressure (0–20 atm), and composition. The model also allows the representation of the solubility selectivity behavior of XLPEO at different conditions, permitting an a priori determination that ethane solubility is significantly enhanced by the presence of CO₂, with a consequent reduction in CO₂/C₂H₆ solubility selectivity relative to the pure gas value. In this regard, the behavior of this rubbery polymer is opposite that of many glassy systems, in which competitive sorption is often dominant, and the solubility of the less soluble gas (i.e., C₂H₆ in this case) is decreased by the presence of CO₂, and the CO₂ solubility selectivity is enhanced with respect to the pure gas value.
Agid:
5382996