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DNA-Programmed Modular Assembly of Cyclic and Linear Nanoarrays for the Synthesis of Two-Dimensional Conducting Polymers

Chen, Wen, Schuster, Gary B.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2012 v.134 no.2 pp. 840-843
DNA, absorption, chemical elements, electrophoresis, hydrogen peroxide, nucleic acid conformation, oligonucleotides, optical properties, peroxidase, polymerization, polymers, synthesis, thermal properties
Nanometer-scale arrays of conducting polymers were prepared on scaffolds of self-assembling DNA modules. A series of DNA oligomers was prepared, each containing six 2,5-bis(2-thienyl)pyrrole (SNS) monomer units linked covalently to N4 atoms of alternating cytosines placed between leading and trailing 12-nucleobase recognition sequences. These DNA modules were encoded so the recognition sequences would uniquely associate through Watson–Crick assembly to form closed-cycle or linear arrays of aligned SNS monomers. The melting behavior and electrophoretic migration of these assemblies showed cooperative formation of multicomponent arrays containing two to five DNA modules (i.e., 12–30 SNS monomers). The treatment of these arrays with horseradish peroxidase and H₂O₂ resulted in oxidative polymerization of the SNS monomers with concomitant ligation of the DNA modules. The resulting cyclic and linear arrays exhibited chemical and optical properties typical of conducting thiophene-like polymers, with a red-end absorption beyond 1250 nm. AFM images of the cyclic array containing 18 SNS units revealed highly regular 10 nm diameter objects.