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Molecular Recognition Principles and Stationary-Phase Characteristics of Topoisomer-Selective Chemoaffinity Materials for Chromatographic Separation of Circular Plasmid DNA Topoisomers
- Mahut, Marek, Lindner, Wolfgang, Lämmerhofer, Michael
- Journal of the American Chemical Society 2012 v.134 no.2 pp. 859-862
- anion exchange, chromatography, ligands, plasmids, quinine, quinoline, silica
- We recently discovered the molecular recognition capability of a quinine carbamate ligand attached to silica as a powerful chemoaffinity material for the chromatographic separation of circular plasmid topoisomers of different linking numbers. In this paper we develop structure–selectivity relationship studies to figure out the essential structural features for topoisomer recognition. By varying different moieties of the original cinchonan-derived selector, it was shown that intercalation by the quinoline moiety of the ligand as assumed initially as the working hypothesis is not an essential feature for topoisomer recognition during chromatography. We found that the key elements for topoisomer selectivity are the presence of a rigid weak anion-exchange site and a H-donor site separated from each other in a defined distance by a 4-atom spacer. Additionally, incorporation of the weak anion-exchange site into a cyclic ring structure provides greater rigidity of the ligand molecule and turned out to be advantageous, if not mandatory, for (close to) baseline separation.