Main content area

Adsorption and Orientation of the Physiological Extracellular Peptide Glutathione Disulfide on Surface Functionalized Colloidal Alumina Particles

Meder, Fabian, Hintz, Henrik, Koehler, Yvonne, Schmidt, Maike M., Treccani, Laura, Dringen, Ralf, Rezwan, Kurosch
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2013 v.135 no.16 pp. 6307-6316
adsorption, aluminum oxide, colloids, disulfide bonds, glutathione, models, phosphates, sorption isotherms, zeta potential
Understanding the interrelation between surface chemistry of colloidal particles and surface adsorption of biomolecules is a crucial prerequisite for the design of materials for biotechnological and nanomedical applications. Here, we elucidate how tailoring the surface chemistry of colloidal alumina particles (d₅₀ = 180 nm) with amino (−NH₂), carboxylate (−COOH), phosphate (−PO₃H₂) or sulfonate (−SO₃H) groups affects adsorption and orientation of the model peptide glutathione disulfide (GSSG). GSSG adsorbed on native, −NH₂-functionalized, and −SO₃H-functionalized alumina but not on −COOH- and −PO₃H₂-functionalized particles. When adsorption occurred, the process was rapid (≤5 min), reversible by application of salts, and followed a Langmuir adsorption isotherm dependent on the particle surface functionalization and ζ potential. The orientation of particle bound GSSG was assessed by the release of glutathione after reducing the GSSG disulfide bond and by ζ potential measurements. GSSG is likely to bind via the carboxylate groups of one of its two glutathionyl (GS) moieties onto native and −NH₂-modified alumina, whereas GSSG is suggested to bind to −SO₃H-modified alumina via the primary amino groups of both GS moieties. Thus, GSSG adsorption and orientation can be tailored by varying the molecular composition of the particle surface, demonstrating a step toward guiding interactions of biomolecules with colloidal particles.