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Phase-Pure FeSex (x = 1, 2) Nanoparticles with One- and Two-Photon Luminescence

Mao, Xiang, Kim, Jin-Gyu, Han, Jishu, Jung, Hyun Suk, Lee, Sang Gil, Kotov, Nicholas A., Lee, Jaebeom
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2014 v.136 no.20 pp. 7189-7192
absorption, crystal structure, energy conversion, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, iron, models, nanoparticles, photoluminescence, semiconductors, tomography, transmission electron microscopy
Iron chalcogenides hold considerable promise for energy conversion and biomedical applications. Realization of this promise has been hindered by the lack of control over the crystallinity and nanoscale organization of iron chalcogenide films. High-quality nanoparticles (NPs) from these semiconductors will afford further studies of photophysical processes in them. Phase-pure NPs from these semiconductors can also serve as building blocks for mesoscale iron chalcogenide assemblies. Herein we report a synthetic method for FeSeₓ (x = 1, 2) NPs with a diameter of ca. 30 nm that satisfy these needs. The high crystallinity of the individual NPs was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. TEM tomography images suggest pucklike NP shapes that can be rationalized by bond relaxation at the NP edges, as demonstrated in large-scale atomic models. The prepared FeSeₓ NPs display strong photoluminescence with a quantum yield of 20%, which was previously unattainable for iron chalcogenides. Moreover, they also show strong off-resonant luminescence due to two-photon absorption, which should be valuable for biological applications.