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Suppressive effect of SATB1 on hepatic stellate cell activation and liver fibrosis in rats

Author:
He, Jiayi, Gong, Jin, Ding, Qiang, Tan, Qinghai, Han, Ping, Liu, Jingmei, Zhou, Zhenzhen, Tu, Wei, Xia, Yujia, Yan, Wei, Tian, Dean
Source:
FEBS letters 2015 v.589 pp. 1359-1368
ISSN:
0014-5793
Subject:
collagen, fibrosis, liver, liver cirrhosis, rats
Abstract:
Liver fibrosis is a worldwide clinical issue. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the central event during liver fibrosis. We investigated the role of SATB1 in HSC activation and liver fibrogenesis. The results show that SATB1 expression is reduced during HSC activation. Additionally, SATB1 inhibits HSC activation, proliferation, migration, and collagen synthesis. Furthermore, CTGF, a pro-fibrotic agent, is also significantly inhibited by SATB1 through the Ras/Raf-1/MEK/ERK/Ets-1 pathway. In vivo, SATB1 deactivates HSCs and attenuates fibrosis in TAA-induced fibrotic rat livers. These data indicate that SATB1 plays an important role in HSC activation and liver fibrosis.
Agid:
5393171