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The zinc-finger protein SPT4 interacts with SPT5L/KTF1 and modulates transcriptional silencing in Arabidopsis
- Köllen, Karin, Dietz, Lena, Bies-Etheve, Natacha, Lagrange, Thierry, Grasser, Marion, Grasser, Klaus D.
- FEBS letters 2015 v.589 pp. 3254-3257
- Arabidopsis, DNA methylation, DNA-directed RNA polymerase, eukaryotic cells, loci, transcription (genetics)
- The Arabidopsis multidomain protein SPT5L/KTF1 (which has similarity to the transcript elongation factor SPT5) associates with RNA polymerase V (RNAPV) and is an accessory factor in RNA-directed DNA methylation. The zinc-finger protein SPT4 was found to interact with SPT5L (and SPT5) both in vivo and in vitro. Here, we show that plants depleted of SPT4 relative to wild type display reduced DNA methylation and the locus specificity is shared with SPT5L, suggesting a cooperation of SPT4 and SPT5L. Unlike observed for SPT5, no reduced protein level of SPT5L is determined in SPT4-deficient plants. These experiments demonstrate that in addition to the RNA polymerase II-associated SPT4/SPT5 that is generally conserved in eukaryotes, flowering plants have SPT4/SPT5L that is involved in RNAPV-mediated transcriptional silencing.