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Concurrent highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection accelerates Haemophilus parasuis infection in conventional pigs

Yu, Jiang, Wu, Jiaqiang, Zhang, Yuyu, Guo, Lihui, Cong, Xiaoyan, Du, Yijun, Li, Jun, Sun, Wenbo, Shi, Jianli, Peng, Jun, Yin, Feifei, Wang, Dapeng, Zhao, Pengwei, Wang, Jinbao
Veterinary microbiology 2012 v.158 no.3-4 pp. 316-321
Haemophilus parasuis, Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, gene targeting, heart, histopathology, lungs, polymerase chain reaction, serotypes, swine
This study was aimed at determining the effect of highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) on Haemophilus parasuis (HPS) in co-infection. A quantitative real-time PCR targeting infB gene, which is conserved among different HPS serotypes, was developed to improve the accuracy and speed of the detection of HPS. A total of 32 four-week-old conventional pigs were distributed randomly into four groups: pigs in group I were intranasally infected with HP-PRRSV first, and were then intraperitoneally inoculated with HPS on 5 days after HP-PRRSV infection; pigs in group II were intranasally inoculated with HP-PRRSV alone; pigs in group III were intraperitoneally inoculated with HPS alone; pigs in group IV were intraperitoneally inoculated with physiological saline. The amount of HPS in serum on 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 days post-inoculation (dpi) with HPS were detected using the established quantitative real-time PCR. Clinical signs, pathological changes and histopathological lesions were observed. The amount of HPS in serum reached 10⁶copies/μl at 3dpi with HPS in pigs of group I, while it arrived 10⁵.⁷copies/μl at 9dpi with HPS in pigs of group III. The HPS loads in hearts and lungs were much higher than in other tissues. The study showed that HP-PRRSV was able to accelerate HPS infection and loads.