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A bacteriocin-like substance produced from Lactobacillus pentosus 39 is a natural antagonist for the control of Aeromonas hydrophila and Listeria monocytogenes in fresh salmon fillets

Anacarso, Immacolata, Messi, Patrizia, Condò, Carla, Iseppi, Ramona, Bondi, Moreno, Sabia, Carla, de Niederhäusern, Simona
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2014 v.55 no.2 pp. 604-611
Aeromonas hydrophila, Lactobacillus pentosus, Listeria monocytogenes, antagonists, bacteriocins, biopreservation, fillets, pathogens, psychrotrophic bacteria, ready-to-eat foods, refrigeration, salmon, seafoods, shelf life, temperature
We studied the ability of Lactobacillus pentosus 39, a BLS (Bacteriocin-like substance)-producing strain, to control the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila ATCC 14715 and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19117 artificially added to fresh salmon fillets at refrigeration temperatures and under simulated cold-chain break conditions.At refrigeration temperatures, Lb. pentosus 39 protective culture and its putative bacteriocin significantly reduced A. hydrophila counts compared with the control (2.1 and 1.4 log CFU/g reductions, respectively). Similar behaviour was observed for L. monocytogenes (3.6 and 1.3 log CFU/g reductions, respectively).Under simulated cold-chain break conditions, an increase in temperature (30°C for 12h) produced an evident increase in the development of A. hydrophila, L. monocytogenes, but also of Lb. pentosus 39, with a consequent increase in BLS production. This condition resulted in a greater reduction of both pathogens compared with samples stored at 4°C throughout the experiment (2.8 log CFU/g reduction for A. hydrophila, 5.8 log CFU/g reduction for L. monocytogenes). In samples treated with the putative bacteriocin alone, a less marked decrease was observed.Our study demonstrates the capability of Lb. pentosus 39 to control the growth of psychrotrophic bacteria in an experimental seafood model system. A similar biopreservation technology could provide more prolonged shelf-life during storage of ready-to-eat seafood, ensuring safety, even under extreme conditions.