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Coastal surface sediment quality assessment in Leizhou Peninsula (South China Sea) based on SEM–AVS analysis

Li, Feng, Lin, Jin-qin, Liang, Yan-yan, Gan, Hua-yang, Zeng, Xiang-yun, Duan, Zhi-peng, Liang, Kai, Liu, Xing, Huo, Zhen-hai, Wu, Chang-hua
Marine pollution bulletin 2014 v.84 no.1-2 pp. 424-436
United States Environmental Protection Agency, acid volatile sulfides, adverse effects, aquaculture, coasts, models, risk, sediments, simultaneously extracted metals, water pollution, South China Sea
Surface sediments from the coastal area of the Leizhou Peninsula in the South China Sea were collected and analyzed and the potential ecological risks in the area were assessed based on acid-volatile sulfide (AVS) model. The AVS levels are between 0.109 and 55.6μmolg−1, with the average at 4.45μmolg−1. The high AVS-concentration zones include the aquaculture areas of Liusha Bay and the densely populated areas of Zhanjiang Bay. The simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) range from 0.026μmolg−1 to 8.61μmolg–1, with the average at 0.843μmolg–1. Most of high SEM-concentration stations were located in ports or aquaculture zones. Most of the coastal surface sediments of the Leizhou Peninsula (90%) had no adverse biological effects according to the criterion proposed by USEPA (2005); while adverse effects were uncertain in some stations (8%); even in 2 stations (2%) adverse biological effects may be expected.