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Carcinogenic and mutagenic potencies for different PAHs sources in coastal sediments of Shandong Peninsula

Li, Guo-liang, Lang, Yin-hai, Gao, Mao-sheng, Yang, Wei, Peng, Peng, Wang, Xiao-mei
Marine pollution bulletin 2014 v.84 no.1-2 pp. 418-423
benzo(a)pyrene, ecotoxicology, guidelines, models, mutagenicity, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, risk, sediments, water pollution, China
In this study, sources of PAHs in coastal sediments of Shandong Peninsula were apportioned using the chemical mass balance (CMB) model, and source apportionment of carcinogenic and mutagenic potencies was conducted combining CMB with the formula of benzo(a)pyrene carcinogenic equivalent (BaPTEQ) and BaP mutagenic equivalent (BaPMEQ) concentration. Total concentrations of sixteen PAHs in sediment ranged from 181.2ngg−1 to 303.6ngg−1, and concentrations of eight carcinogenic PAHs (cPAHs) varied from 98.8ngg−1 to 141.1ngg−1. The BaP played a dominant role for carcinogenic and mutagenic potencies of PAHs, although the IND showed the highest concentration level. The vehicular sources made the highest contribution to BaPTEQ (57.7%) and BaPMEQ (55.5%), while petrogenic source, the highest contributor for PAHs (39.4%), provided the lowest contribution to BaPTEQ (1.1%) and BaPMEQ (1.5%). Besides, the ecotoxicological evaluation, based on Sediment Quality Guidelines (SQGs), showed low ecological risks generally.