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Human health risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from consumption of blood cockle and exposure to contaminated sediments and water along the Klang Strait, Malaysia
- Tavakoly Sany, Seyedeh Belin, Hashim, Rosli, Rezayi, Majid, Salleh, Aishah, Rahman, Mohammad Azizur, Safari, Omid, Sasekumar, A.
- Marine pollution bulletin 2014 v.84 no.1-2 pp. 268-279
- Tegillarca granosa, United States Environmental Protection Agency, bioaccumulation, gastrointestinal system, health hazards, human health, humans, ingestion, neoplasms, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, risk, sediment contamination, sediments, water pollution, Malaysia
- The concentration of carcinogenic poly aromatic hydrocarbons (c-PAHs) present in water and sediment of Klang Strait as well as in the edible tissue of blood cockle (Anadara granosa) was investigated.The human health risk of c-PAHs was assessed in accordance with the standards of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The cancer risks of c-PAHs to human are expected to occur through the consumption of blood cockles or via gastrointestinal exposure to polluted sediments and water in Kalng Strait. The non-carcinogenic risks that are associated with multiple pathways based on ingestion rate and contact rates with water were higher than the US EPA safe level at almost all stations, but the non-carcinogenic risks for eating blood cockle was below the level of US EPA concern. A high correlation between concentrations of c-PAHs in different matrices showed that the bioaccumulation of c-PAHs by blood cockles could be regarded as a potential health hazard for the consumers.