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Antibiotic resistance monitoring in Vibrio spp. isolated from rearing environment and intestines of abalone Haliotis diversicolor

Author:
Wang, R.X., Wang, J.Y., Sun, Y.C., B.L.Yang,, A.L.Wang,
Source:
Marine pollution bulletin 2015 v.101 no.2 pp. 701-706
ISSN:
0025-326X
Subject:
Haliotis diversicolor, Vibrio, abalone, antibiotic resistance, chloramphenicol, correlation, dissolved oxygen, enrofloxacin, furazolidone, gentamicin, intestines, kanamycin, monitoring, norfloxacin, pH, rearing, rifampicin, salinity, seawater, tetracycline, water pollution
Abstract:
546 Vibrio isolates from rearing seawater (292 strains) and intestines of abalone (254 strains) were tested to ten antibiotics using Kirby–Bauer diffusion method. Resistant rates of abalone-derived Vibrio isolates to chloramphenicol (C), enrofloxacin (ENX) and norfloxacin (NOR) were <28%, whereas those from seawater showed large fluctuations in resistance to each of the tested antibiotics. Many strains showed higher resistant rates (>40%) to kanamycin (KNA), furazolidone (F), tetracycline (TE), gentamicin (GM) and rifampin (RA). 332 isolates from seawater (n=258) and abalone (n=74) were resistant to more than three antibiotics. Peaked resistant rates of seawater-derived isolates to multiple antibiotics were overlapped in May and August. Statistical analysis showed that pH had an important effect on resistant rates of abalone-derived Vibrio isolates to RA, NOR, and ENX. Salinity and dissolved oxygen were negatively correlated with resistant rates of seawater-derived Vibrio isolates to KNA, RA, and PG.
Agid:
5402398