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Antibiotic resistance monitoring in Vibrio spp. isolated from rearing environment and intestines of abalone Haliotis diversicolor

Wang, R.X., Wang, J.Y., Sun, Y.C., B.L.Yang,, A.L.Wang,
Marine pollution bulletin 2015 v.101 no.2 pp. 701-706
Haliotis diversicolor, Vibrio, abalone, antibiotic resistance, chloramphenicol, correlation, dissolved oxygen, enrofloxacin, furazolidone, gentamicin, intestines, kanamycin, monitoring, norfloxacin, pH, rearing, rifampicin, salinity, seawater, tetracycline, water pollution
546 Vibrio isolates from rearing seawater (292 strains) and intestines of abalone (254 strains) were tested to ten antibiotics using Kirby–Bauer diffusion method. Resistant rates of abalone-derived Vibrio isolates to chloramphenicol (C), enrofloxacin (ENX) and norfloxacin (NOR) were <28%, whereas those from seawater showed large fluctuations in resistance to each of the tested antibiotics. Many strains showed higher resistant rates (>40%) to kanamycin (KNA), furazolidone (F), tetracycline (TE), gentamicin (GM) and rifampin (RA). 332 isolates from seawater (n=258) and abalone (n=74) were resistant to more than three antibiotics. Peaked resistant rates of seawater-derived isolates to multiple antibiotics were overlapped in May and August. Statistical analysis showed that pH had an important effect on resistant rates of abalone-derived Vibrio isolates to RA, NOR, and ENX. Salinity and dissolved oxygen were negatively correlated with resistant rates of seawater-derived Vibrio isolates to KNA, RA, and PG.