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Enrichment and isolation of crude oil degrading bacteria from some mussels collected from the Persian Gulf

Bayat, Zeynab, Hassanshahian, Mehdi, Hesni, Majid Askari
Marine pollution bulletin 2015 v.101 no.1 pp. 85-91
Haliotis, Micrococcus luteus, Pseudoalteromonas, Shewanella algae, bacteria, biosurfactants, culture media, emulsifying, gas chromatography, marine environment, mussels, nucleotide sequences, oils, petroleum, ribosomal RNA, salinity, water pollution, Persian Gulf
To date, little is known about existing relationships between mussels and bacteria in hydrocarbon-contaminated marine environments. The aim of this study is to find crude oil degrading bacteria in some mussels at the Persian Gulf. Twenty eight crude oil degrading bacteria were isolated from three mussels species collected from oil contaminated area at Persian Gulf. According to high growth and degradation of crude oil four strains were selected between 28 isolated strains for more study. Determination the nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding for 16S rRNA show that these isolated strains belong to: Shewanella algae isolate BHA1, Micrococcus luteus isolate BHA7, Pseudoalteromonas sp. isolate BHA8 and Shewanella haliotis isolate BHA35. The residual crude oil in culture medium was analysis by Gas Chromatography (GC). The results confirmed that these strains can degrade: 47.24%, 66.08%, 27.13% and 69.17% of crude oil respectively. These strains had high emulsification activity and biosurfactant production. Also, the effects of some factors on crude oil degradation by isolated strains were studied. The results show that the optimum concentration of crude oil was 2.5% and the best degradation take place at 12% of salinity. This research is the first reports on characterization of crude oil degrading bacteria from mussels at Persian Gulf and by using of these bacteria in the field the effect of oil pollution can be reduce on this marine environment.