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Evaluation of plant growth promoting activities of microbial strains and their effect on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in India
- Verma, Jay Prakash, Yadav, Janardan, Tiwari, Kavindra Nath, Jaiswal, Durgesh Kumar
- Soil biology & biochemistry 2014 v.70 pp. 33-37
- Azotobacter chroococcum, Cicer arietinum, Fusarium oxysporum, Mesorhizobium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Thanatephorus cucumeris, Trichoderma harzianum, biofertilizers, chickpeas, crop yield, disease control, growth retardation, indole acetic acid, microbial activity, phosphates, plant growth, plant pathogens, solubilization, India
- The aims of our study were to enhance growth, yield and disease control of chickpea by various combinations of microbial strains (Mesorhizobium, Azotobacter chroococcum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Trichoderma harzianum). Pseudomonas and Trichoderma showed positive IAA (indole-3-acetic acid) production, phosphate solubilisation and antagonistic activities against Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani as compared to other strains. In two year investigations, tetra-inoculants have shown significant growth attributes, yield and phytopathogen growth inhibition followed by tri-inoculants than control. Therefore, tetra-inoculants (Mesorhizobium-Azotobacter-Pseudomonas-Trichoderma) may be used as efficient biofertilizer and bio-control agent for chickpea production (Cicer arietinum L.) in eastern Uttar Pradesh.