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Biochemical and toxicological properties of two acetylcholinesterases from the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius

Hwang, Chae Eun, Kim, Young Ho, Kwon, Deok Ho, Seong, Keon Mook, Choi, Jae Young, Je, Yeon Ho, Lee, Si Hyeock
Pesticide biochemistry and physiology 2014 v.110 pp. 20-26
Cimex lectularius, Western blotting, acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, carbamates, catalytic activity, disulfide bonds, insects, malaoxon, neurons, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, staining, tissue distribution, tissues, toxicity
We examined the molecular and enzymatic properties of two acetylcholinesterases (AChEs; ClAChE1 and ClAChE2) from the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by activity staining and Western blotting revealed that ClAChE1 is the main catalytic enzyme and is abundantly expressed in various tissues. Both ClAChEs existed in dimeric form connected by a disulfide bridge and were attached to the membrane via a glycophosphatidylinositol anchor. To determine their kinetic and inhibitory properties, both ClAChE1 and ClAChE2 were in vitro expressed in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system. ClAChE1 showed higher catalytic efficiency toward acetylcholine, supporting the hypothesis that ClAChE1 plays a major role in postsynaptic transmission. An inhibition assay revealed that ClAChE1 is generally more sensitive to organophosphates and carbamates examined although ClAChE2 was >4000-fold more sensitive to malaoxon than ClAChE1. The relatively higher correlation between the in vitro ClAChE1 inhibition and the in vivo toxicity suggested that ClAChE1 is the more relevant toxicological target for organophosphates and carbamates. Although the physiological function of ClAChE2 remains to be elucidated, ClAChE2 also appears to have neuronal functions, as judged by its tissue distribution and molecular and kinetic properties. Our findings help expand our knowledge on insect AChEs and their toxicological properties.