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Pifithrin-α ameliorates resveratrol-induced two-cell block in mouse preimplantation embryos in vitro

Jeong, Jae-Kyo, Kang, Min-Hee, Gurunathan, Sangiliyandi, Cho, Ssang-Goo, Park, Chankyu, Park, Jin-Ki, Kim, Jin-Hoi
Theriogenology 2015 v.83 no.5 pp. 862-873
acridine orange, cytotoxicity, embryogenesis, ethidium, messenger RNA, mice, resveratrol, staining
Treatment with resveratrol at concentrations greater than 0.5 μmol/L resulted in the arrest of mouse embryo development at the two-cell stage. Resveratrol-induced cytotoxicity was investigated in embryos by evaluating morphologic features by using the bromodeoxyuridine assay and acridine orange and ethidium bromide double staining. Resveratrol was found to significantly increase the expressions of p53, p21, Atf3, smac/Diablo, Bax, Bak1, Bok, and Noxa mRNA in the embryos, whereas Cullin 3 and Cdk1 expressions were decreased. Furthermore, active p53 positive signal in embryos arrested at the two-cell stage was localized in the nucleus, whereas no active p53 signal was observed in control embryos. Pretreatment with pifithrin-α, a p53 inhibitor, downregulated active p53 in two-cell embryo nuclei and ameliorated approximately 50% of the embryonic developmental defect caused by resveratrol. The findings of the present study, therefore, suggest that pifithrin-α could be used as an effective cytoprotective agent against a reproductive toxin such as resveratrol.