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Insulinlike growth factor I improves yak (Bos grunniens) spermatozoa motility and the oocyte cleavage rate by modulating the expression of Bax and Bcl-2
- Pan, Yangyang, Cui, Yan, Baloch, Abdul Rasheed, Fan, Jiangfeng, He, Junfeng, Li, Guyue, Zheng, Hongfei, Zhang, Yifu, Lv, Peng, Yu, Sijiu
- Theriogenology 2015 v.84 no.5 pp. 756-762
- Bos, Western blotting, apoptosis, insemination, insulin-like growth factor I, messenger RNA, oocytes, proteins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, sperm motility, spermatozoa, yaks
- The aim of our present study was to examine the effects of insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) on yak sperm motility during in vitro capacitation and the relationship between the effects of IGF-1 on yak sperm motility and apoptosis was evaluated. Frozen–thawed yak spermatozoa were incubated at 38 °C for 1 hour in Tyrode's bicarbonate-buffered medium for sperm culture (Sp-TALP) with different concentrations (0, 50, 100, and 200 ng/mL) of IGF-1. In every treatment, the sperm motility was measured by a computer-assisted sperm analyzer system. The fertilizing ability of spermatozoa was evaluated on the basis of oocyte cleavage rate after insemination. The expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot for the messenger RNA and protein levels. It is interesting to note that IGF-1 improved yak spermatozoa motility and the cleavage rate of oocytes; these improvements were highest in the 100 ng/mL IGF-1 group, followed by the 200 ng/mL and 50 ng/mL groups, with the lowest improvements in motility and cleavage rates in groups without IGF-1. The expression level of Bax was downregulated by IGF-1, whereas Bcl-2 was upregulated. Both messenger RNA and Bax proteins were lowest in groups with 100 ng/mL IGF-1, where the Bcl-2 was the highest. Bax expression in the groups with IGF-1 was lower than that in the group without IGF-1, and Bcl-2 expression was higher in groups with IGF-1 than that in the group without IGF-1. In conclusion, this research reports that improvements in yak spermatozoa motility and the oocyte cleavage rate after the addition of IGF-I may be a result of the reduction of spermatozoa apoptosis rates by modulating the expression of Bax and Bcl-2.