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Functionalized celluloses and their nanoparticles: Morphology, thermal properties, and solubility studies

Author:
Sharma, Priyanka R., Varma, A.J.
Source:
Carbohydrate polymers 2014 v.104 pp. 135-142
ISSN:
0144-8617
Subject:
cellulose, nanoparticles, polymers, solubility, solvents, temperature, thermal stability, thermography
Abstract:
Agricultural residues derived cellulose was used to synthesize a new series of carboxy functionalized cellulosic nanoparticles (quasi-spherical shaped, 13.2–21.5% carboxyl content) and macro-sized 6-carboxycelluloses (long-fibril shaped, 1.7–22% carboxyl content). The DP (50–70) and yield (upto 46%) of nanoparticles were manipulated by controlling the reaction temperature and time. TGA/DTG thermographs of the carboxycelluloses gave thermostability data and co-related well with the residual crystalline, amorphous, and anhydroglucuronic acid content. The particle shape and size had no effect on the thermal stability. Some derivatives were fully or partially soluble in aqueous alkali and non-aqueous solvents, which can lead to increased versatility of these polymers.
Agid:
5407655