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Cationic hemicellulose-based hydrogels for arsenic and chromium removal from aqueous solutions
- Dax, Daniel, Chávez, María Soledad, Xu, Chunlin, Willför, Stefan, Mendonça, Regis Teixeira, Sánchez, Julio
- Carbohydrate polymers 2014 v.111 pp. 797-805
- aqueous solutions, arsenates, arsenic, chromium, hydrocolloids, ions, mannans, molecular weight, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, surface area, transesterification, wastewater
- In this work the synthesis of hemicellulose-based hydrogels and their application for the removal of arsenic and chromium ions is described. In a first step O-acetyl galactoglucomannan (GGM) was subjected to a transesterification applying glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) for the synthesis of novel GGM macromonomers. Two distinguished and purified GGM fractions with molar mass of 7.1 and 28kDa were used as starting materials. The resulting GGM macromonomers (GGM-MA) contained well-defined amounts of methacrylate groups as determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Selected GGM-MA derivatives were consecutively applied as a crosslinker in the synthesis of tailored hydrogels using [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (MeDMA) as monomer. The swelling rate of the hydrogels was determined and the coherence between the swelling rate and the hydrogel composition was examined. The morphology of the GGM-based hydrogels was analysed by SEM and the hydrogels revealed a high surface area and were assessed in respect to their ability to remove arsenate and chromate ions from aqueous solutions. The presented bio-based hydrogels are of high interest especially for the mining industries as a sustainable material for the treatment of their highly contaminated wastewaters.