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A comparison of physicochemical properties of sterilized chitosan hydrogel and its applicability in a canine model of periodontal regeneration

Zang, Shengqi, Dong, Guangying, Peng, Bo, Xu, Jie, Ma, Zhiwei, Wang, Xinwen, Liu, Lingxia, Wang, Qintao
Carbohydrate polymers 2014 v.113 pp. 240-248
absorption, autoclaving, biocompatibility, blood, chitosan, cytotoxicity, dogs, gelation, humans, hydrocolloids, ligaments, models, molecular weight, scanning electron microscopy, tissue engineering, tissue repair, viscosity
Chitosan has previously been exploited as a scaffold in tissue engineering processes. To avoid infection, chitosan must be sterilized prior to contact with bodily fluids or blood. Previous research has shown that autoclaved chitosan solution lead to decreased molecular weight, dynamic viscosity, and rate of gelling. We prepared a thermosensitive chitosan hydrogel using autoclaved chitosan powder (121°C, 10min) and β-glycerophosphate (chitosan-PA/GP) and compared the physicochemical properties and biocompatibility in vitro with autoclaved chitosan solution/GP hydrogel. The chitosan-PA/GP hydrogel had a shortened gelation time, higher viscosity, increased water absorption, appropriate degradation time, porous structure, and no obvious cytotoxicity on human periodontal ligament cells. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the cells exhibited a normal morphology. The chitosan-PA/GP hydrogel promoted periodontal tissue regeneration in dog class III furcation defects. The chitosan-PA/GP thermosensitive hydrogel displayed suitable physicochemical properties and biocompatibilities and represents a promising candidate as an injectable tissue engineering scaffold.