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Mechanism of Au(III) reduction by chitosan: Comprehensive study with 13C and 1H NMR analysis of chitosan degradation products
- Pestov, Alexander, Nazirov, Alexander, Modin, Evgeny, Mironenko, Alexander, Bratskaya, Svetlana
- Carbohydrate polymers 2015 v.117 pp. 70-77
- acetylation, byproducts, chitosan, formates, glucosamine, gold, hydrolysis, molecular weight, nanogold, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, particle size, titration, viscometry
- The mechanism of Au(III) reduction by chitosan has been proposed on the basis of comprehensive study of kinetics of Au(III) reduction and chitosan chain degradation using UV–vis spectroscopy and viscosimetry, and identification of reaction products using colloid titration and 13C, 1H NMR spectroscopy. We have shown that formation of gold nanoparticles in H[AuCl4]/chitosan solutions starts with hydrolysis of chitosan catalyzed by Au(III). The products of chitosan hydrolysis rather than chitosan itself act as the main reducing species. According to 13C and 1H NMR spectroscopy data, chitosan/Au(0) composites contain chitosan with reduced molecular weight and acetylation degree, whereas water-soluble by-products consist of chitosan oligomers with higher acetylation degree, derivatives of glucosamine acids, and formate ion. Chitosan degradation has significantly contributed to the decrease of its efficiency as a gold nanoparticles stabilizer. The gold particle size increased from 6.9nm to 16.2nm, when Au(III)/chitosan molar ratio changed from 1:80 to 1:10.