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Biodegradability and mechanical properties of reinforced starch nanocomposites using cellulose nanofibers

Babaee, Mehran, Jonoobi, Mehdi, Hamzeh, Yahya, Ashori, Alireza
Carbohydrate polymers 2015 v.132 pp. 1-8
absorption, acetic anhydride, biodegradability, cellulose, corn starch, fungi, glycerol, mechanical properties, nanocomposites, nanofibers, permeability, plasticizers, starch, storage modulus, thermoplastics, water vapor
In this study the effects of chemical modification of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) on the biodegradability and mechanical properties of reinforced thermoplastic starch (TPS) nanocomposites was evaluated. The CNFs were modified using acetic anhydride and the nanocomposites were fabricated by solution casting from corn starch with glycerol/water as the plasticizer and 10 wt% of either CNFs or acetylated CNFs (ACNFs). The morphology, water absorption (WA), water vapor permeability rate (WVP), tensile, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and fungal degradation properties of the obtained nanocomposites were investigated. The results demonstrated that the addition of CNFs and ACNFs significantly enhanced the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites and reduced the WVP and WA of the TPS. The effects were more pronounced for the CNFs than the ACNFs. The DMA showed that the storage modulus was improved, especially for the CNFs/TPS nanocomposite. Compared with the neat TPS, the addition of nanofibers improved the degradation rate of the nanocomposite and particularly ACNFs reduced degradation rate of the nanocomposite toward fungal degradation.