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Effects of culture conditions on monosaccharide composition of Ganoderma lucidum exopolysaccharide and on activities of related enzymes

Peng, Lin, Qiao, Shuangkui, Xu, Zhenghong, Guan, Feng, Ding, Zhongyang, Gu, Zhenghua, Zhang, Liang, Shi, Guiyang
Carbohydrate polymers 2015 v.133 pp. 104-109
Ganoderma lucidum, antineoplastic activity, biological production, enzyme activity, exopolysaccharides, fermentation, galactose, glucose, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, mannose, mannose-6-phosphate isomerase, pH, temperature
We investigated the relationship between monosaccharide composition of Ganoderma lucidum exopolysaccharide (EPS) and activities of EPS synthesis enzymes under various culture temperatures and initial pH values. The mole percentages of three major EPS monosaccharides, glucose, galactose and mannose, varied depending on culture conditions and the resulting EPS displayed differing anti-tumor activities. In nine tested enzymes, higher enzyme activities were correlated with higher temperature and lower initial pH. Altered mole percentages of galactose and mannose under various culture conditions were associated with activities of α-phosphoglucomutase (PGM) and phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), respectively, and that of mannose was also associated with phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) activity only under various pH. Our findings suggest that mole percentages of G. lucidum EPS monosaccharides can be manipulated by changes of culture conditions that affect enzyme activities, and that novel fermentation strategies based on this approach may enhance production and biological activity of EPS.